Bibliography Definition An executive summary is a thorough overview of a research report or other type of document that synthesizes key points for its readers, saving them time and preparing them to understand the study's overall content. It is a separate, stand-alone document of sufficient detail and clarity to ensure that the reader can completely understand the contents of the main research study. An executive summary can be anywhere from pages long depending on the length of the report, or it can be the summary of more than one document [e.
In others, such as many of the Niger—Congo languagesthere is a system of grammatical gender or noun classesbut the divisions are not based on sex.
This feature commonly co-exists with a full system of grammatical gender, where all nouns are assigned to classes such as masculine, feminine and neuter. However in some languages, such as Englishthis general system of noun gender has been lost, but gender distinctions are preserved in the third-person pronouns the singular pronouns only, in the case of English.
In languages with grammatical gender, even pronouns which are semantically gender-neutral may be required to take a gender for such purposes as grammatical agreement. In English and many other languages, the masculine form has sometimes served as the default or unmarked form; that is, masculine pronouns have been used in cases where the referent or referents are not known to be all female.
This leads to sentences such as: If anybody comes, tell him. Here the masculine pronoun him refers to a person of unknown sex. As early asdissatisfaction with this convention led to calls for gender-neutral pronouns, and attempts to invent pronouns for this purpose date back to at leastalthough the use of singular they as a natural gender-neutral pronoun in English is much older.
Gender in English The English language has gender-specific personal pronouns in the third- person singular.
The masculine pronoun is he with derived forms him, his and himself ; the feminine is she with derived forms her, hers and herself ; the neuter is it with derived forms its and itself.
The third-person plural they and its inflected and derived forms them, their, themselves, etc. He and she are normally used for humans; use of it can be dehumanizing, and thus inappropriate, but it is sometimes used for a baby when there is no antecedent like son or daughter and its sex is irrelevant or distracting.
It is normally used for animals, but he or she can be used for an animal when the speaker wants to indicate its sex and there is a higher degree of empathy with the animal, as is more likely with pets, domesticated animals, and other "higher" animals, such as elephants.
He or she is used for an animal that is referred to by a proper name e. She is also used as an alternative to it for countries, when viewed as political entities. The other English pronouns the first- and second-person personal pronouns I, we, you, etc. The only distinction made is between personal and non-personal reference someone vs.
Historical and dialectal gender-neutral pronouns[ edit ] Historically, there were two gender-neutral pronouns native to English dialects, ou and h a.
Marshall records the existence of a dialectal English epicene pronoun, singular "ou": Baron goes on to describe how relics of these sex-neutral terms survive in some British dialects of Modern English for example hoo for "she", in Yorkshireand sometimes a pronoun of one gender might be applied to a person or animal of the opposite gender.
In some West Country dialectsthe pronoun er can be used in place of either he or she, although only in weak unstressed positions such as in tag questions.
It pronoun Whereas "he" and "she" are used for entities treated as people including supernatural beings and, sometimes, sympathetic animals, especially petsthe pronoun "it" is normally used for entities not regarded as persons, though the use of "he" or "she" is optional for animals of known sex  and obligatory for animals referred to by a proper name .
The robin builds its nest in a well-chosen position A child learns to speak the language of its environment.1) Example Summary of Primary Research Paper Adult beetles (Phyllodecta laticollis), found in Norway, are exposed to sub- zero temperatures in the field throughout the year.
A major part of any writing assignment consists of re-writing. Write accurately. Scientific writing must be accurate. Although writing instructors may tell you not to use the same word twice in a sentence, it's okay for scientific writing, which must be accurate.
The aim of an article is to convey a certain idea or topic through the use of exposition and logic. In a summary, you want to identify the main idea of the article and put this information into your own words.
Oct 24, · How to Summarize a Journal Article. In this Article: Article Summary Reading the Article Planning a Draft Writing Your Summary Sample Summaries Community Q&A Summarizing a journal article is the process of presenting a focused overview of a completed research study that is published in a peer-reviewed, scholarly source%().
Writing a journal article review in APA style requires a thorough reading of an article and then present our personal opinions on its subject matter.
In order to write a journal article review in APA style, one must necessarily conform to the detailed guidelines of APA style of writing. Writing a Summary.
A summary is condensed version of a larger reading. A summary is not a rewrite of the original piece and does not have to be long nor should it be long. To write a summary, use your own words to express briefly the main idea and relevant details of the piece you have read.