On learning from and writing history Join LibraryThing to post.
The Critical Role of Classroom Management Teachers play various roles in a typical classroom, but surely one of the most important is that of classroom manager. Effective teaching and learning cannot take place in a poorly managed classroom.
If students are disorderly and disrespectful, and no apparent rules and procedures guide behavior, chaos becomes the norm. In these situations, both teachers and students suffer. Teachers struggle to teach, and students most likely learn much less than they should.
In contrast, well-managed classrooms provide an environment in which teaching and learning can flourish. But a well-managed classroom doesn't just appear out of nowhere.
It takes a good deal of effort to create—and the person who is most responsible for creating it is the teacher. We live in an era when research tells us that the teacher is probably the single most important factor affecting student achievement—at least the single most important factor that we can do much about.
To illustrate, as a result of their study involving some 60, students, S. The results of this study will document that the most important factor affecting student learning is the teacher.
In addition, the results show wide variation in effectiveness among teachers.
The immediate and clear implication of this finding is that seemingly more can be done to improve education by improving the effectiveness of teachers than by any other single factor.
Effective teachers appear to be effective with students of all achievement levels regardless of the levels of heterogeneity in their classes. If the teacher is ineffective, students under that teacher's tutelage will achieve inadequate progress academically, regardless of how similar or different they are regarding their academic achievement.
The point is illustrated in Figure 1. According to Figure 1. Students in the classes of teachers classified as least effective can be expected to gain only about 14 percentile points over a year's time.
The least effective teachers, then, add little to the development of students' knowledge and skill beyond what would be expected from simply growing one year older in our complex, information-rich society. Impact of Teacher Effectiveness on Student Achievement Sanders and his colleagues, who gathered their data from elementary school students in Tennessee, are not the only ones to document dramatic differences in achievement between students in classes taught by highly ineffective versus highly effective teachers.
Haycock reports similar findings from studies conducted in Dallas and Boston. I have come to similar conclusions in my work, although I have taken a very different approach from that used in the studies that form the basis for Haycock's conclusions. Whereas the studies conducted in Tennessee, Dallas, and Boston were based on data acquired from students over time, I used a research process called meta-analysis to synthesize the research on effective schools over the last 35 years see Marzano, a, b.
That approach enabled me to separate the effect on student achievement of a school in general from the effect of an individual teacher. Effects of a School vs.
For a detailed discussion of how the computations in Figure 1. As depicted in Figure 1. The student has learned enough to keep pace with her peers. But what happens to that student if she attends a school that is considered one of the least effective and is unfortunate enough to have a teacher who is classified as one of the least effective?
After two years she has dropped from the 50th percentile to the 3rd percentile. She may have learned something about mathematics, but that learning is so sporadic and unorganized that she has lost considerable ground in a short time.Teaching Channel is a thriving online community where teachers can watch, share, and learn diverse techniques to help every student grow.
Theories of Education Historically, American education served both political and economic needs, which dictated the function of education. Today, sociologists and educators debate the function of education.
Secondary Sources are one step removed from primary sources, though they often quote or otherwise use primary sources. They can cover the same topic, but add a layer of interpretation and analysis.
They can cover the same topic, but add a layer of interpretation and analysis. The Value of Critical Thinking in Nursing + Examples Clinical skills in nursing are obviously important, but critical thinking is at the core of being a good nurse.
Critical thinking skills are very important in the nursing field because they are what you use to prioritize and make key decisions that can save lives.
2 Analysis of Curriculum/Learning Frameworks for the Early Years (Birth to Age 8) The 6 year old child is often represented in both the early childhood setting and the school setting curriculum document in most European countries just as the 5 year old child is within both systems in.
Primary empirical research: Reports of studies that are conducted by the researcher(s) that include a description of the methods, sampling and data collection strategies, and data analysis and results.