Rochester Institute of Technology A plethora of internal and external variables combine to create individual personalities, behaviors, and psychopathologies supposedly unique to every human being. The argument of genetic makeup versus environmental influences, however, has researchers working to determine what really shapes us.
Nature versus nurture Although developmental change runs parallel with chronological age,  age itself cannot cause development.
Environmental factors affecting development may include both diet and disease exposure, as well as social, emotional, and cognitive experiences.
Plasticity of this type can occur throughout the lifespan and may involve many kinds of behavior, including some emotional reactions. Genetic-environmental correlations are circumstances in which genetic factors make certain experiences more likely to occur.
In all of these cases, it becomes difficult to know whether child characteristics were shaped by genetic factors, by experiences, or by a combination of the two. What relevant aspects of the individual change over a period of time?
What are the rate and speed of development? What are the mechanisms of development — what aspects of experience and heredity cause developmental change? Are there typical individual differences in the relevant developmental changes? Are there population differences in this aspect of development for example, differences in the development of boys and of girls?
Empirical research that attempts to answer these questions may follow a number of patterns. Initially, observational research in naturalistic conditions may be needed to develop a narrative describing and defining an aspect of developmental change, such as changes in reflex reactions in the first year.
Such studies examine the characteristics of children at different ages. Some child development studies examine the effects of experience or heredity by comparing characteristics of different groups of children in a necessarily non-randomized design. Child development stages Milestones are changes in specific physical and mental abilities such as walking and understanding language that mark the end of one developmental period and the beginning of another.
Studies of the accomplishment of many developmental tasks have established typical chronological ages associated with developmental milestones.
However, there is considerable variation in the achievement of milestones, even between children with developmental trajectories within the typical range. Some milestones are more variable than others; for example, receptive speech indicators do not show much variation among children with typical hearing, but expressive speech milestones can be quite variable.
Prevention of and early intervention in developmental delay are significant topics in the study of child development. An example of a milestone would be eye-hand coordination, which includes a child's increasing ability to manipulate objects in a coordinated manner.
Increased knowledge of age-specific milestones allows parents and others to keep track of appropriate development. The Heckman's chart shows that the highest return of investment in education is maximum during the early years age 1 to 3 years old and decreases to a plateau during the school-aged years and adolescence.
Here are descriptions of the development of a number of physical and mental characteristics. As stature and weight increase, the individual's proportions also change, from the relatively large head and small torso and limbs of the neonateto the adult's relatively small head and long torso and limbs.The International Society for Developmental Psychobiology (ISDP) is an international non-profit organization which encourages research on the development of behavior in all organisms including man, with special attention to the effects of biological factors operating at any level of organization.
The society holds annual meetings to facilitate communication of research results and theory in.
Reliable sources of developmental psychology research paper topics There are many different ways to find a great developmental psychology research paper topic, and this article will cover a few of them—and include a sample of topics to choose from.
Evolutionary psychology is a theoretical approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological structure from a modern evolutionary perspective.
It seeks to identify which human psychological traits are evolved adaptations – that is, the functional products of natural selection or sexual selection in human evolution.
Adaptationist thinking about physiological mechanisms. A listing of psychological research being conducted online. Table of Contents Cognition Consumer Psychology Cyber Psychology Developmental. Psychology Research Paper.
Calculate your price. What are some of the fundamental ways of parenting that have recently been cast a bad light by developmental psychology research? Abnormal psychology research topics; What are some of the main factors that increase anorexia in children? Child Psychology Child Psychology research papers examine the cognitive development of children.
When it comes to the mental growth and development of the child, many modern psychologists will agree that Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development provides one of the most comprehensive methods for understanding the various phases of child development.