Literature Review of Leadership Styles Literature Review of Leadership Styles Introduction Leadership is a concept used in many different contexts with an array of meanings. Accordingly, there is a lack of common understanding as to what leadership is and what constitutes good leadership. In fact, a Google search of leadership definition leads to more than 22 million results.
Managers are eager to stimulate OC, yet the question of how remains. Nine possible relations between different leadership styles and OC-dimensions are discussed based on literature findings.
An analysis and synthesis of available research reveals strong positive relations between transformational leadership and the affective and normative aspects of commitment. Furthermore, transactional leadership seems to positively influence all aspects of OC.
Laissez-faire leadership on the other hand is shown to weaken affective and normative commitment. Yet, all effects are dependent on contexts. This thesis concludes with recommendations for future research.
Leadership Style and Organisational Commitment: Both old and relatively recent work in this field has frequently emphasised important positive effects of job-related attitudes in relation to organisational performance e. One of the most investigated types of these job-related attitudes is organisational commitment.
Since organisational commitment positively affects job effectiveness and performance Riketta, it is worthwhile to take a closer look at possible predicting variables or constructs.
These could function as tools for managers. The tool that is probably closest by for a manager is leadership. Leadership is the ability to influence a group towards the achievement of a vision or set of goals Robbins et al.
Although leadership is one construct there are several theoretical approaches towards leadership identified in previous literature. The most influential distinction of leadership styles is proposed by Burns who identifies two types of leaders: Later this theory was further developed by Bass and a third style to incorporate in the typology was found in laissez-faire leadership.
Over the years many more theoretical leadership styles were developed, yet these three remain the most prominent. This thesis will review literature to identify the way in which different forms of commitment are influenced by different management styles within an organisational setting.
Although the field of research is not new, there has not been a review of this kind. For this purpose of this review the problem statement is defined as follows: A Literature Review 4 To facilitate the aim of this literature review and to find an answer to the stated problem several research questions are proposed.
These questions will be addressed in order: The research questions will gradually lead towards a conclusion that answers the problem statement. Methodology The purpose of this thesis is to give an overview of all important research relevant to the topic by means of a literature review, taking a systematic approach to answer the before-mentioned research questions.
This process will ultimately guide towards an answer to the problem statement and a general conclusion on the subject matter.
On the basis of this conclusion managerial implications and recommendations for future research will be discussed.
Structure After the introduction this study proceeds with chapter two, which comprises an in-depth elaboration on the construct of leadership and will further elaborate on the different leadership styles by reviewing the relevant literature. In chapter three the concept of organisational commitment will be discussed and different approaches to this concept will be identified.
Chapter four will investigate the relationship between the leadership styles and the different forms of commitment by means of an extensive literature review. Finally, this thesis formulates a conclusion and closes with a discussion, recommendations for further research and general implications for managers.
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Leadership in a change context is comprehensively defined as: “Leadership is the process of diagnosing where the work group is now and where it needs to be in the future, and formulating a . Charismatic leadership is a leadership style that is identifiable but may be perceived with less tangibility than other leadership styles (Bell, ).
Often called a transformational leadership style, charismatic leaders inspire eagerness in their teams and are energetic in motivating employees to move forward.