See Article History Mauthausen, one of the most notorious Nazi concentration campslocated near the village of Mauthausen, on the Danube River12 miles 20 km east of LinzAustria.
In Januarythe camps, Single mauthausen from the central office in Mauthausen, contained roughly 85, inmates.
The site was chosen as a site for a slave labour camp because of the nearby granite quarry, and due to its proximity to Linz. While DEST rented the quarries at Mauthausen from the city of Vienna inSingle mauthausen company bought its first lots of land at nearby Gusen already on 25 May A year later, the company ordered the construction of the first camp at Gusen.
In the years andinmates of the nearby Mauthausen makeshift camp marched daily to the stone-quarries at Gusen which were more productive and more important for DEST than the Wienergraben Quarry. Their numbers rose from 1, in late to over 3, a year later. The first inmates were put in the first two huts No.
The new camp at Gusen saved the inmates of Mauthausen the daily march between both locations. Like nearby Mauthausen, the Gusen camp also used its inmates as slave labour in the granite quarries, but they also rented them out to various local businesses.
Bythe production capacity of both Mauthausen and Gusen had reached its peak. The camp contained about 12, to 17, inmates, who were deprived of even the most basic facilities. The rise in the number of sub-camps could not catch up with the rising number of inmates, which led to overcrowding of the huts in all of the sub-camps of Mauthausen-Gusen.
From late tothe number of inmates per bed rose from 2 to 4. Although initially the camps of Gusen and Mauthausen mostly served the local quarries, fromand onwards, they began to be included in the German war machine.
To accommodate the ever-increasing number of slave workers, additional sub-camps German: The sub-camps were divided into several categories, depending on their main function: The production output of Mauthausen-Gusen exceeded that of each of the five other large slave labour centres, including: The list of companies using slave labour from the Mauthausen-Gusen camp system was long, and included both national corporations and small, local firms and communities.
In lateroughly 11, of the Gusen I and II inmates were working in underground facilities. An additional 6, worked on expanding the underground network of tunnels and halls. Inthe Me works was already finished and the Germans were able to assemble 1, planes a month. Extermination through labour Soviet POWs, Mathausen The political function of the camp continued in parallel with its economic role.
Until at leastit was used for the imprisonment and murder of Germany's political and ideological enemies, both real and imagined. The camp served the needs of the German war machine and also carried out extermination through labour.
The growing number of prisoners made the system too expensive and fromMauthausen was one of the few camps in the West to use a gas chamber on a regular basis.
By Decembera permanent gas chamber that could kill about prisoners at a time was completed.
The reason for their imprisonment was their total rejection of giving the loyalty oath to Hitler and their absolute refusal to participate in any kind of military service.
Later in the war, new arrivals were from every category of the "unwanted", but educated people and so-called political prisoners constituted the largest part of all inmates until the end of the war. The largest of these groups arrived at Gusen in January In earlyalmost all the Poles and Spaniards, except for a small group of specialists working in the quarry's stone mill, were transferred from Mauthausen to Gusen.
Most of them were kept in huts separated from the rest of the camp. The Soviet prisoners of war were a major part of the first groups to be gassed in the newly-built gas chamber in early The nickname was a cruel joke which mocked the doomed prisoners by calling them "Parachutists without a parachute".
Prisoners playing " leap frog ". Throughout the years of World War II, the camps of Mauthausen-Gusen received new prisoners in smaller transports on a daily basis; mostly from other concentration camps in German-occupied Europe.
Most of the prisoners in the sub-camps of Mauthausen were kept in various detention sites prior to transportation to their final destination. The first transports from Auschwitz arrived in February The second transport in June of that year was much larger and numbered some 1, prisoners.
Camp file of a Polish political prisoner No.
The last group— roughly 10, prisoners—was evacuated in the last wave in Januaryonly a few weeks before the Soviet liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau complex.Mauthausen concentration was camp created shortly after the Anschluss of Austria in March near an abandoned stone quarry about three miles from the town of Mauthausen in Upper Austria.
On 16 May work began in the quarry, initially employing thirty civilian workers. Mauthausen was at the center of a group of German concentration camps, operating from to the end of World War II in Starting with a single camp at Mauthausen, the complex eventually expanded to be one of the largest labor camps in the German-controlled part of Europe.5/5(18).
Over time, it expanded from a single labour camp to a network of 49 satellite camps across Austria and Germany, now generally referred to as the “Mauthausen system”.
Mauthausen, one of the most notorious Nazi concentration camps, located near the village of Mauthausen, on the Danube River, 12 miles (20 km) east of Linz, Austria.
It was established in April , shortly after Austria was annexed to Nazi Germany. Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp, Mauthausen.
likes. Mauthausen–Gusen concentration camp was the hub of a large group of German concentration Jump to. Sections of this page. Accessibility Help. Press alt + / to open this menu. Starting with a single camp at Mauthausen, the complex expanded over time and by the summer of /5(68).
The Mauthausen–Gusen concentration camp complex consisted of the Mauthausen concentration camp on a hill above the market town of Mauthausen (roughly 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of Linz, Upper Austria) plus a group of nearly further subcamps located throughout Austria and southern Germany.