The atlantic system and africa

Winds and ocean currents divide the Atlantic Ocean into two systems, north and south. The South Atlantic system follows the pattern of giant wheels turning counterclockwise, favoring sail from western African ports to the Americas. And most of the people who crossed the Atlantic between and did so in the southern part.

The atlantic system and africa

Atlantic slave trade and Slave Coast of West Africa The best-known triangular trading system is the transatlantic slave tradethat operated from the late 16th to The atlantic system and africa 19th centuries, carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West AfricaCaribbean or American colonies and the European colonial powers, with the northern colonies of British North Americaespecially New Englandsometimes taking over the role of Europe.

European goods, in turn, were used to purchase African slaves, who were then brought on the sea lane west from Africa to the Americas, the so-called Middle Passage.

Infor instance, Pope Nicholas Vin the Dum Diversasgranted to the kings of Spain and Portugal "full and free permission to invade, search out, capture, and subjugate the Saracens [Muslims] and pagans and any other unbelievers A classic example is the colonial molasses trade.

Sugar often in its liquid form, molasses from the Caribbean was traded to Europe or New England, where it was distilled into rum. The profits from the sale of sugar were used to purchase manufactured goods, which were then shipped to West Africa, where they were bartered for slaves.

The slaves were then brought back to the Caribbean to be sold to sugar planters. The profits from the sale of the slaves were then used to buy more sugar, which was shipped to Europe, restarting the cycle. The trip itself took five to twelve weeks. The loss of the slaver Luxborough Galley in "I.

North Atlantic Gyre The first leg of the triangle was from a European port to Africa, in which ships carried supplies for sale and trade, such as copperclothtrinkets, slave beadsguns and ammunition. Many slaves died of disease in the crowded holds of the slave ships.

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Once the ship reached the New World, enslaved survivors were sold in the Caribbean or the American colonies. The ships were then prepared to get them thoroughly cleaned, drained, and loaded with export goods for a return voyage, the third leg, to their home port, [5] from the West Indies the main export cargoes were sugar, rum, and molasses; from Virginiatobacco and hemp.

The ship then returned to Europe to complete the triangle. Graph depicting the number of slaves imported from Africa from to However, because of several disadvantages that slave ships faced compared to other trade ships, they often returned to their home port carrying whatever goods were readily available in the Americas and filled up a large part or all of their capacity with ballast.

Other disadvantages include the different form of the ships to carry as many humans as possible, but not ideal to carry a maximum amount of produce and the variations in the duration of a slave voyage, making it practically impossible to pre-schedule appointments in the Americas, which meant that slave ships often arrived in the Americas out-of-season.

Due to the slaves being transported in tight, confined spaces, a small percentage of the group that started perished at the hands of disease and lack of nourishment. New England also made rum from Caribbean sugar and molasseswhich it shipped to Africa as well as within the New World.

No New England traders are known to have completed a sequential circuit of the full triangle, which took a calendar year on average, according to historian Clifford Shipton. Moore, was picked up in by historian George C.

Mason, and reached full consideration from a lecture in by American businessman and historian William B. Other triangular trades[ edit ] The term "triangular trade" also refers to a variety of other trades. This typically involved exporting raw resources, such as fish especially salt codagricultural produce or lumberfrom British North American colonies to slaves and planters in the West Indies ; sugar and molasses from the Caribbean; and various manufactured commodities from Great Britain.

A new "sugar triangle" developed in the s and s whereby American ships took local produce to Cubathen brought sugar or coffee from Cuba to the Baltic coast Russian Empire and Swedenthen bar iron and hemp back to New England.Chapter 18 Outline The Atlantic System and Africa ( I.

Plantations in the West Indies A. Colonization Before -Before , the Europeans were manly focused on 5/5(13). Atlantic system Africa Essay. Introduction. Atlantic system primarily refers to the trade of slaves to the new colonies of Portugal and Spain in and around the Atlantic Ocean, from 16th to 19th century for plantation purposes and for the development of economy in the regions involved - Atlantic system Africa Essay introduction.

the slave trade and plantation slavery were crucial pieces of a booming new Atlantic system that moved goods and wealth, as well as people and cultures, around the Atlantic. The Atlantic system took a terrible toll in African lives both during the Middle Passage and under the harsh conditions of plantation slavery/5(1).

did the Atlantic System affect Europe, Africa, and the Americas? (The Earth and Its Peoples, ) The movement of goods, people, and wealth in the late 17th and 18th centuries permanently changed societies across the continents of Europe, Africa, and North and South America, thereby increasing the reach of globalization in the modern age.

and the “Triangular Trade” between New England, Africa, and the West Indies. 3.

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As the Atlantic system developed, increased demand for sugar in seventeenth and eighteenth century Europe was associated with an increase in the flow of slaves from Africa to the New World.

4. Sep 07,  · The Atlantic Trade was a network of trade created in the s to which bounded together Western Europe, Africa and the Americas.

The atlantic system and africa

The way this system worked was through the sell of slaves to obtain commodities that were produced in the new Open.

Riches & Misery: The Consequences Of The Atlantic Slave Trade - OpenLearn - Open University