The causes and effects of obesity

Cause and Effect of Obesity The cause and effect of obesity has created the health crisis of this century! For the most part the causes of obesity are high blood sugar, eating the wrong foods and little to no exercise. The effects of obesity are soaring medical costs, increased family expenses, more restricted living and unhealthy children.

The causes and effects of obesity

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Childhood obesity has reached epidemic levels in developed as well as in developing countries. Overweight and obesity in childhood are known to have significant impact on both physical and psychological health.

Overweight and obese children are likely to stay obese into adulthood and more likely to develop non-communicable diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular diseases at a younger age. The mechanism of obesity development is not fully understood and it is believed to be a disorder with multiple causes.

Environmental factors, lifestyle preferences, and cultural environment play pivotal roles in the rising prevalence of obesity The causes and effects of obesity.

In general, overweight and obesity are assumed to be the results of an increase in caloric and fat intake. On the other hand, there are supporting evidence that excessive sugar intake by soft drink, increased portion size, and steady decline in physical activity have been playing major roles in the rising rates of obesity all around the world.

It is also associated with poor academic performance and a lower quality of life experienced by the child. Many co-morbid conditions like metabolic, cardiovascular, orthopedic, neurological, hepatic, pulmonary, and renal disorders are also seen in association with childhood obesity. Childhood obesity, consequences, epidemiology, lifestyle, non-communicable disease, overweight Introduction The world is undergoing a rapid epidemiological and nutritional transition characterized by persistent nutritional deficiencies, as evidenced by the prevalence of stunting, anemia, and iron and zinc deficiencies.

Concomitantly, there is a progressive rise in the prevalence of obesity, diabetes and other nutrition related chronic diseases NRCDs like obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and some forms of cancer.

Obesity has reached epidemic levels in developed countries. The highest prevalence rates of childhood obesity have been observed in developed countries; however, its prevalence is increasing in developing countries as well. Studies emerging from different parts of India within last decade are also indicative of similar trend.

This new conceptualization leads us to simultaneously address the root causes of nutritional deficiencies which in turn will contribute to the control of under nutrition and the prevention of obesity, diabetes, and other NRCDs.

This summary provides a public health overview of selected key issues related to the prevention of obesity and chronic diseases with a life-course perspective of nutrition and child growth.

Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century.

The causes and effects of obesity

The problem is global and is steadily affecting many low and middle income countries, particularly in urban settings. The prevalence has increased at an alarming rate. Globally inthe number of overweight children under the age of five is estimated to be over 42 million. Close to 35 million of these are living in developing countries.

Definition of Childhood Obesity Although definition of obesity and overweight has changed over time, it can be defined as an excess of body fat BF. There is no consensus on a cut-off point for excess fatness of overweight or obesity in children and adolescents. A study by conducted by Williams et al.

In research, techniques include underwater weighing densitometrymulti-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis BIAand magnetic resonance imaging MRI. In the clinical environment, techniques such as BMI, waist circumference, and skin-fold thickness have been used extensively.

Although, these methods are less accurate than research methods, they are satisfactory to identify risk. While BMI seems appropriate for differentiating adults, it may not be as useful in children because of their changing body shape as they progress through normal growth.

In addition, BMI fails to distinguish between fat and fat-free mass muscle and bone and may exaggerate obesity in large muscular children. Furthermore, maturation pattern differs between genders and different ethnic groups. Although methods such as densitometry can be used in research practice, they are not feasible for clinical settings.

For large population-based studies and clinical situations, bioelectrical impedance analysis BIA is widely used. Waist circumference seems to be more accurate for children because it targets central obesity, which is a risk factor for type II diabetes and coronary heart disease.

Causes of Childhood Obesity It is widely accepted that increase in obesity results from an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure, with an increase in positive energy balance being closely associated with the lifestyle adopted and the dietary intake preferences.

Research has made important contributions to our understanding of the factors associated with obesity. The ecological model, as described by Davison et al. Genetics are one of the biggest factors examined as a cause of obesity.Childhood obesity is a complex health issue.

It occurs when a child is well above the normal or healthy weight for his or her age and height. The causes of excess weight gain in young people are similar to those in adults, including factors such as a person’s behavior and genetics. Obesity is an epidemic in the United States.

This condition puts people at a higher risk for serious diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.. According to the Centers for. Obesity is a condition in which the subject in question has excessive body fat which may pose negative effects on his/her health, and thus reducing the life expectancy of the subject and/or additionally increasing the health problems that the subject may encounter.

Obesity Causes Many factors influence body weight- genes, though the effect is small, and heredity is not destiny; prenatal and early life influences; poor diets ; too much television watching ; too little physical activity and sleep ; and our food and physical activity environment.

Causes and Effects of Obesity Words | 3 Pages. The epidemic of obesity is a medical circumstance defined as excess weight in the form of fat which may impair health. (World Obesity Federation, ). Obesity can be calculated by BMI which is body mass index.

Obesity means BMI greater than (ibid). Obesity or even being overweight has serious effects on the individual and the society. Both need to take action to examine the causes of this problem and find solutions.

Both need to take action to examine the causes of this problem and find solutions.

Effects of Obesity | Stanford Health Care