Age, education, and income[ edit ] Rates of voting in the U. Presidential Election by income Rates in voting in the U.
Includes only "free" elections. Voter turnout varies considerably between nations. Confusingly, some of the factors that cause internal differences do not seem to apply on a global level. For instance, nations with better-educated populaces do not have higher turnouts. There are two main commonly cited causes of these international differences: However, there is much debate over the relative impact of the various factors.
Cultural factors[ edit ] Wealth and literacy have some effect on turnout, but are not reliable measures.
Countries such as Angola and Ethiopia have long had high turnouts, but so have the wealthy states of Europe. The United Nations Human Development Index shows some correlation between higher standards of living and higher turnout.
The age of a democracy is also an important factor. Elections require considerable involvement by the population, and it takes some time to develop the cultural habit of voting, and the associated understanding of and confidence in the electoral process.
This factor may explain the lower turnouts in the newer democracies of Eastern Europe and Latin America. Much of the impetus to vote comes from a sense of civic duty, which takes time and certain social conditions that can take decades to develop: Older people tend to vote more than youths, so societies where the average age is somewhat higher, such as Europe; have higher turnouts than somewhat younger countries such as the United States.
Nov 11, · Voter turnout this year dipped to nearly its lowest point in two decades. Voter turnout this year dipped to nearly its lowest point in two decades. The disenfranchisement of most African Americans and many poor whites in the South during the years likely contributed to the decline in overall voter turnout percentages during those years visible in the chart at the top of the article. Ethnicity has had an effect on voter turnout in recent years as well, with data from recent elections . As NYC Voter Registration Has Grown, Turnout Has Declined by Lylla Younes in News on Nov 5, am A poll site in Williamsburg on state and local primary day, September
Populations that are more mobile and those that have lower marriage rates tend to have lower turnout. In countries that are highly multicultural and multilingual, it can be difficult for national election campaigns to engage all sectors of the population.
The nature of elections also varies between nations. In the United States, negative campaigning and character attacks are more common than elsewhere, potentially suppressing turnouts.
The focus placed on get out the vote efforts and mass-marketing can have important effects on turnout. Partisanship is an important impetus to turnout, with the highly partisan more likely to vote.
Turnout tends to be higher in nations where political allegiance is closely linked to class, ethnic, linguistic, or religious loyalties. Nations with a party specifically geared towards the working class will tend to have higher turnouts among that class than in countries where voters have only big tent parties, which try to appeal to all the voters, to choose from.
Rules and laws are also generally easier to change than attitudes, so much of the work done on how to improve voter turnout looks at these factors.
Making voting compulsory has a direct and dramatic effect on turnout. Simply making it easier for candidates to stand through easier nomination rules is believed to increase voting. Conversely, adding barriers, such as a separate registration process, can suppress turnout.The decline in voter participation has been fairly uniform throughout Illinois, as an examination of the turnout of registered voters reveals.
Table 1 documents the fact that turnouts in Chicago, in suburban Cook County and down-state have declined by 12, 13 and 10 percent, respectively, in presidential elections from to ; the total statewide decline was 12 percent.
Secretary of State Lawerence Denney says the average turnout in Idaho's primary elections has typically hovered around 25 percent in recent years. Nov 12, · The turnout among young and minority voters was slightly higher than it was in the midterms, perhaps reflecting new organizing efforts, but the number remained far too low.
Younger voters grew as a share of the electorate, both as more millennials reach voting age and as they become turnout targets for both parties.
Michael McDonald, a political scientist at the University of Florida, said turnout among voters between 18 and 29 years of age grew by percentage points, the largest increase of any age group.
According to the World Bank’s World Development Report, election turnout is declining across the world. Over the last 25 years, the average global voter turnout rate dropped by more than 10%.
Nov 12, · The abysmally low turnout in last week’s midterm elections — the lowest in more than seven decades — was bad for Democrats, but it was even worse for democracy.
In 43 states, less than half the eligible population bothered to vote, and no state broke 60 percent.